The debate and the evolution of thought on the definition of fundamental human rights dates back to centuries of political history of the world in the East and in the West. Just think of the so-called Cylinder of human rights of Cyrus the Great (VI B.C.) in which the first seeds of freedom of thought and the abolition of slavery are sown or the Magna Carta of 1215 in which new rights were given to people, subjecting the sovereign to the law. The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights can be considered a major milestone achieved during the 19th century. However, there are numerous contexts in which human rights are regularly violated. A rather heated scientific debate is going on the definition of fundamental human rights: some hold theses concerning the relativity of human rights while others argue that there are some fundamental inalienable rights. Furthermore, the protection of the rights of majorities can often risk not sufficiently considering the protection of the rights of minorities. This cluster aims to be a place for analysis and reflection on various issues relating to human rights in the world in order to contribute to the enrichment of scientific research and the dissemination of issues concerning the violation or protection of fundamental human rights in various international contexts.