The research cluster on Europe brings together scholars interested in European integration processes, covering its philosophical, political, legal, sociological, economic, and historical determinants. Studies of the cluster focus not only on the European institutions and their interrelations, but also on their impact on the national systems and societies of European States, using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The scope of the research pursued by the members of the cluster is wide, covering issues such as the transformation of the European democracy in relation to multiple recent crises, centre-periphery institutional relations and the role of populist parties in the European Parliament, environmental participatory democracy, intra-European trade and the impact of technological change on job markets, attitudinal dynamics in member states and economic variables, inequality and anti-discrimination policies, rule of law, market regulation and protection of fundamental rights, regionalism and federalism in the EU. The general approach of all this research is to map the evolution of the European integration process, analyzing some of the most relevant current trends in relation not only to the previous situation, but also with regard to the possible future developments of the European Union, an issue that is widely debated in order to respond to the existential challenges that Europe faces in relation to the world crises, which have a multiple and synergic nature. The research activities are connected to the teaching activities of the School of International Studies, both in the Ph.D and in the Master's programmes. Moreover, they are often pursued in cooperation with other Departments of the University of Trento, as well with other Italian and foreign universities and research centres.